Report: Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings

The U.S. Fire Administration released a 2011-2013 report analyzing conditions of residential building fire fatalities.
More than 75 percent of fires from 2011-2013 occurred in residential buildings.
According to the U.S. Fire Administration, more than 75 percent of all civilian fatalities occurred as a result of fires in residential buildings.|Photo by Anthony Quintano/ Flickr Creative Commons

The U.S. Fire Administration analyzed fire issues in that affect Americans on a daily basis in  a report called Civilian Fire Fatalities in Residential Buildings (2011-2013). The findings were based on data collected by the U.S. Fire Administration’s National Fire Incident Reporting System. The report found that more than “75 percent of all civilian fatalities occurred as a result of fires in residential buildings — our homes.”

The USFA’s website listed some of its major findings:

  • Annually, an estimated 2,530 civilian fire fatalities resulted from 1,700 fatal fires in residential buildings and an estimated 372,900 residential building fires.
  • Thermal burns and smoke inhalation were the primary symptoms leading to death, accounting for 90 percent of all fatalities in residential fires.
  • Bedrooms, at 50 percent, were the leading specific location where civilian fire fatalities occurred in residential buildings.
  • The time period from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. accounted for 52 percent of civilian fire fatalities in residential buildings.
  • At the time of their deaths, 36 percent of fire victims in residential buildings were trying to escape; an additional 33 percent were sleeping.
  • “Other unintentional, careless” actions (15 percent) and “smoking” (14 percent) were the leading reported causes of fatal fires in residential buildings.
  • Adults aged 50 to 69 accounted for 36 percent of civilian fire fatalities in residential buildings.

To read the full report, visit http://www.usfa.fema.gov. For outreach materials and to learn about educational programs on fire safety and prevention, visit http://www.usfa.fema.gov/prevention/outreach.