Droughts in the United States, primarily impacting the West Coast, are leading to a severe water supply shortage, according to a Homeland Security News Wire article. With droughts having both environmental and economic impacts, alternative ways to save endangered water supplies are necessary.
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The Homeland Security News Wire reported:
The most prevalent model for water resource preservation is that of New York City’s Catskills/Delaware watershed, which is based on upstream resource users being paid to avoid harmful practices that might affect water flows and water quality, typically by beneficiaries who are downstream. These market-based approaches (also known as Payments for Watershed or Ecosystem Services) have been widely promoted, but risk neglecting alternative approaches that do not always require monetary transactions to improve environmental outcomes.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration published a map highlighting drought conditions across the U.S., which shows much of the West Coast being affected by severe, extreme and exceptional drought conditions.
The Homeland Security News Wire reported that there is a more than 80 percent chance of the Southwest and central Great Plains entering a “megadrought” — a drought lasting 35 or more years — by 2100 if climate change projections do not improve.
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