1. Keep fire tools available: shovel, rake and ladder.

2. Avoid outdoor burning. Recycle mulch and compost whenever possible.

3. Keep burnable materials from under
and around all structures.

4. Make sure your home’s address
and street signs are visible from the road, and made of non-combustible, reflective materials.

RELATED: California National Guard Having Soldiers Train to Fight Wildfires

5. Keep driveways accessible for fire trucks and provide a turn-around area.

For the next 70 feet, thin and prune trees and shrubs.

7. Keep your grass mowed 100 feet from structures and around fuel tanks.

8. Keep your woodpile at least 30 feet from structures and
fuel tanks.

9. Depending on vegetation and topography, you may need to extend hazardous fuels reduction several hundred feet from home.

10. Keep your chimney clean and install a spark arrester.

11. Keep 100 feet of garden hose attached.

12. Remove all but scattered trees within 30 feet of structures.

Consider landscaping with rock next to your home.

 Screen under decks and enclose soffits.

15. Keep roofs and gutters free of needles, leaves and overhanging branches.

Install a rooftop sprinkler system. Replace flammable roofing, siding, eaves and decks with fire-resistant materials.

PLUS—Fire-resistant (not readily flammable) roofing material is rated by the National Fire Protection Association. These ratings are dependent upon proper installation. The three classes are:
A) Effective against severe fire exposure
B) Protects against moderate fire exposure
C) Effective against light fire exposure

Examples of roof materials are:

· The least expensive items include fiberglass composition shingles or asphalt and gravel.

· Moderate to expensive materials include foam, clay tiles and metal roofs.

· Non-rated roof materials (such as combustible wood shingles) should be replaced.

CAUTION: Embers have been known to enter through melted skylights and ignite structures. It is recommended to build covers for skylights. For more information on roofing and construction materials, see Firewise Construction: Design and Materials by Peter Slack (Colorado State Forest Service).



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