According to the Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC), ticks in the U.S carry 14 known tick borne diseases. Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever being the best known. The most common ticks found in the United States that have the potential for carrying one disease or another are listed here along with the tick borne diseases they cause.
Tick Borne Diseases
Blacklegged Tick: Lyme disease, Babesiosis and Anaplasmosis.
American Dog Tick: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Tularemia.
Lone Star Tick: Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis, Tularemia, possibly Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, and Southern Tick Associated Rash Illness (STARI).
Brown Dog Tick: Canine Ehrlichiosis and Canine Babesiosis, which affect only dogs. This tick also causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in dogs and, very rarely, in humans.
Rocky Mountain Wood Tick: Colorado Tick Fever, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tularemia, and Tick Paralysis Richettsia.
Pacific Coast tick: 364D rickettsiosis (Rickettsia phillipi, proposed) is transmitted to humans by these ticks, also called Dermacentor occidentalis ticks. This is a new disease that has been found in California.
Gulf Coast Tick: Transmit rickettsia parkeri rickettsiosis to humans.
Soft Ticks: Tickborne relapsing fever (TBRF) is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected soft ticks. TBRF has been reported in 15 states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming and is associated with sleeping in rustic cabins and vacation homes.
The following ticks in the U.S. also cause diseases: Gulf Coast, Pacific Coast, Western Blacklegged and Cayenne ticks.
To learn more, visit the CDC’s website.
This article was originally published in THE NEW PIONEER. Subscription is available in print and digital editions here.
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